Volume 13 (1998)

1. Deux en un, un en deux, si vous voulez: a propos de si vous voulez en franęais

Wiesław BANYŚ

Pages: 7-18

The author analyzes the problem of the si vous voulez construction membership in the class of constructions introduced by si. Typical usages of the construction have been discussed and two main sub-usages have been distinguished: (1) the ‘standard’ type, e.g. Ne soyez a la cour, si vous voulez y plaire, ni fade adulateur, ni parleur trop sincere and (2) the ‘figę’ type, as in il eut une pensee de prudence, ou de defaillanee, si vous voulez. Defining the conditions for the use of both constructions has enabled the author to bring out their distinctive semanto-syntactic characteristics. The semanto-cognitive analysis of the meaning of si and the analysis of the ‘figement’ show the linguistic reasons for having an identical form for these two meanings, which are operationally distinct.

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2. II destino si chiama Clotilde di G. Guareschi – considerazioni sulle interiezioni e sul ruolo del contesto nella loro interpretazione

Joanna BECZEK

Pages: 19-37

Referring to Wierzbicka’s and Świątkowska’s publications, the author attempts to answer the ąuestion why context and its elements are necessaiy in defining and interpreting interjections. She has tried to bring out those context elements that define the semantic value of the ąuoted interjections from G. Guareschi’s II destino si chiama Clotilde and its polish translation.

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3. Langage et perception

Jean-Pierre DESCLES

Pages: 38-66

One of the ways of reformulating the ‘localist hypothesis’ in cognitive perspective is to attach certain predicative schemes in the schemes constructed by visual perception. The predicative schemes found in languages are presented as extensions of morphosyntactic schemes that encode verbalized representations of referential situations of the object’s position in space, of spatial-temporal movement of the object or of the change that affects the object. This ‘anchoring’ of language in the visual perception (and not only the reduction of language to the spatial perception itself) can be ‘explained’ by means of the string of referential changes.

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4. Le subjonctif dans les expressions paremiques

Katarzyna KWAPISZ

Pages: 67-82

The article is concemed with the use of the subjuncti ve rnood in paroemic expressions, i.e. proverbs, maxims, or ąuotation. In the first part the author tries to define what paroemic expressions are. This is followed by the analysis of the use of the subjunctive mood by means of two notions derived from the cognitive theory, viz. the ‘prototype’ and the ‘semantic invarianf. The author believes that the category of doubt is prototypical for the use of the subjunctive, while the semantic invariant is the notion of distantiation defined as the speakers’ distance from their commitment to the truth value of their utterances.

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5. La globalisation semantique

Salah MEJRI

Pages: 83-92

The article is concemed with the so-called semantic globalization, which can be described as ‘a processes of simultaneously selective and virtually unlimited combining of previously distinct elements into one whole’. The author discusses the interdependencies between globalization and polylexicality, unity and multiplicity, the role of globalization as a catalyst of various semantic operations, e.g. categorial integration, the organization of semes into chains, the semantic filter, regarding globalization as a structure of thought – condensations, amalgams, reconstructing destruction, conceptual autonomy.

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6. Quelques Temarques sur les proprietes des verbes-supports en franęais

Mirosław TRYBISZ

Pages: 93-104

The author addresses some elements of the complex problem of properties of the construction with verbes-supports in French, i.e. the constructions where a noun has the function of the semantic predicate. The first part is devoted to the description of the complex of the three properties that allow us to distinguish these constructions from ‘normal verb uses’ (limitations of the noun’s determiner, double analysis of the complex object, the possibility to make a noun phrase by means of verbe-support reduction. The resulting property of aspectual extension of these verbs in shown in Part Two.

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7. ¿La metafora sin enigma?

Joanna WILK-RACIĘSKA

pages: 105-117

The author presents some observations on the linguistic factors that condition the proper understan- ding of the SN, is SN, generic metaphors. Analyzing three superficial variants of such sentences by means of modified mental models, the author observes that the metaphor of this type should be regarded as a problem to be solved rather than a riddle to be guessed. Sentences of this type include enough linguistic information for the message to be interpreted correctly.

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8. Modifications au niveau suprasegmental dues à l’interference

Halina WIDŁA, Aleksander KOWALCZYK

Pages:118-133

The authors attempt to answer the ąuestion if and sińce when one can talk about permanent changes in stress and intonation in a native language, which are brought about by contacts with a foreign language. Identical utterances of adeąuately selected informers have been analyzed and the results have been presented in several tables. The most interesting cases have been illustrated by means of spectro- grams.

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9. La modalita e la nozione del tempo appropriato

Maria ZAŁĘSKA

Pages: 134-144

Italian phrases e tempo che…/di…, e ora che…/di…, e il momento che…/di… in their conversational uses have been analyzed in the article. The author shows their connection with deontic modality (resulting from pragmatic inferences), the specific characteristics of these expressions as compared with the typical exponents of modality (derived from the relationship between the notion of the ‘time proper’ and the linear conceptualization of time) and their discourse application in volitional indirect acts.

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10. La dobie vida del adjetivo (Una observación sobre el abuso del adjetivo denominal)

Joanna WILK-RACIĘSKA

Pages: 145-152

The article analyzes the reasons for unintended interpretation possibilities, which are due to wrong usage of linguistic means in Street advertisements of the type skóry męskie (lit. małe leather). This example is analyzed purposely without the necessary situational context. The basie factor contributing to the ambiguity is the wrong use of the popular metonymic reduction: leather dothes —> leather.

Another important factor is the use of denominal adjective as a determiner of generic nouns resulting from the reduction of wider constructions – here the author refers to Nowakowska’s (1993) discussion of the double use of relational adjective. Due to its lack of semanto-syntactic autonomy, this kind of the adjective in contextless situations, as above, automatically becomes an exponent of the notion which is in the position of the argument opened by the kemel predicate. Thus, the missing obligatory context reveals the semantic rule whose assumption is to achieve a semantically complete proposition.

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