Volume 22 (2010)

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Table of Contents

Staszek Karolak (Wiesław Banyś) 5
And this is how we will remember him… (Izabela Pozierak-Trybisz) 9
Leszek BEDNA RCZ UK: Phonetic parallelism between Slavic and Romance 11
Krzysztof BOGACKI : Lexical resources in controlled languages 23
Gaston GROSS : Causes and inferences 33
Magdalena KA ROLAK : On the notion of aspect: select problems of the translation of Polish past imperfective structures into French 53
Georges KLEI BER: Autonymies, playing truant 66
Ewa Miczka: The role of rhematique part in the information structure of discourse 75
Lucyna MA RCOL : Lexical Semantics of Syntagmatic Verbs in Italian. Intra-/Interlinguistic A nalysis of SV mettere fuori 82
Teresa MURYN : Definiteness in Polish: a zero determiner? 96
Małgorzata NOWAKOWSKA : ‘The imperfective paradox’ within the framework of S. Karolak’s theory 107
Izabela POZIE RAK -TRYBISZ : The contribution of semantic analysis to research on communication predicates: from the sense of the predicate to text and translation 125
Michele PRANDI : Grammar in dictionaries: the case of verbs 137
Dorota SIKO RA, Józef SY PNICKI : What changes with time (grammar)… Substitution past tense / imperfect, imperfect / perfect tense in sentences plural in French 150

 

1. Staszek Karolak

Wiesław Banyś

Pages: 4-7

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2. Właśnie taki pozostanie z nami…

Izabela Pozierak-Trybisz

Pages: 9-10

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3. Parallèles phonétiques romano-slaves

Leszek Bednarczuk

Pages: 11-22

Recent research on the phonetic development of proto-Slavic leads one to the conclusion that the phonetic structure of the word, which was part of the Balto-Slavic heritage, underwent significant
restructuring resulting from a string of interlaced processes such as (1) loss of vowel length distinctions, (2) monophthongization of diphthongs, (3) emerging of nasalized vowels, (4) loss of
glides, (5) palatal assimilation before /j/ and front vowels, (6) a tendency to open syllables and its ramifications (simplification of consonant clusters and disappearance of consonants in word-final position…

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4. Les ressources lexicales dans les langues contrôlées

Krzysztof Bogacki

Pages: 23-32

This article deals with the lexicon, which is an important part of controlled languages. It is designed so as to increase readability of texts written using this subset of language by reducing their
ambiguity and complexity. It is shown that developing a controlled language lexicon by severely reducing its size, thus eliminating some lexemes and approving only some of the possible meanings leads to conflicts. Very often these arise between general grammatical principles governing a controlled language and the terms to be included in the lexicon…

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5. Causes et inférences

Gaston Gross

Pages: 33-52

In this article we reflect on how to code relaters of cause. These relaters do not always express cause in the same way. Connectors such as parce que (because) or puisque (since) are adequately
coded: they can only be interpreted in French as expressing cause and there is never any ambiguity associated with them…

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6. Autour de la notion d’aspect : problèmes choisis de la traduction du passé imperfectif polonais en français

Magdalena Karolak

Pages: 53-65

The aim of this article is to present a set of rules applicable in translation of Polish imperfective past tense to French language. We emphasize certain phenomena peculiar to Slavic languages, which are in general difficult to translate. The article is composed of two parts…

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7. L’autonymie, en faisant l’école buissonnière

Georges Kleiber

Pages: 66-74

This volume edited in memory of our beloved friend Stanisław Karolak is an invitation to step into metalinguistic territory of autonymy. Its lofty aim is to illustrate several apparent paradoxes
of autonymy (or mention) and find answers for difficulties in linguistic description of this phenomenon…

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8. Le rôle de l’enchaînement rhématique dans la structure informationnelle de discours

Ewa Miczka

Pages: 75-81

In this paper the author analyses the role of rhematic part in the information structure of discourse defined as the thematic-rhematic hierarchical structure. The main area of author`s interest is connected with the levels of thematic-rhematic structures which are not limited to the sentence level. The structures in question are organized in groups of sentences which are subordinate to partial themes…

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9. Semantica lessicale dei verbi sintagmatici in italiano Analisi intra-/interlinguistica del VS mettere fuori

Lucyna Marcol

Pages: 82-95

The aim of this paper is to describe the phenomenon of syntagmatic verbs in Italian language with a following analysis of one of them mettere fuori. Every derived meaning of mettere fuori is
followed by an example of the phrase in which it can be used together with its translation into Polish. The scrutiny is aimed at proving that mettere fuori is not infrequently accompanied with an auxiliary object before the exact one. The author of the article emphasizes the problem both of the particularity of syntagmatic verbs in Italian and of the research of their equivalents in Polish…

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10. La détermination en polonais : un déterminant zéro ?

Teresa Muryn

Pages: 95-106

In the intensional theory of article proposed by Stanisław Karolak, the article is a symbol which plays a reflexive function rather than a semantic one in the structure of a noun phrase. It reflects the intensional values of phrases placed in the syntactic positions opened by other elements. Various languages may develop different rules of selecting the reflexive symbols of definiteness in noun phrases which are equivalent and intensionnally identical across languages. The aim of this article is to verify if the intensional theory could explain the absence of formal exponents of definiteness / indefiniteness in Polish…

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11. Le « paradoxe de l’imperfectivité » dans la perspective de la théorie de S. Karolak*

Małgorzata Nowakowska

Pages: 107-124

This article deals with the so called “Imperfective paradox” and the way in which this paradox is explained by S. Karolak’s theory of aspect. The “Imperfective paradox” concerns the accomplishment verbs (Vendler) in the progressive form, which is generally considered in English as the imperfective aspect. One of the consequences of this paradox is that for instance the sentence John was drawing a circle doesn’t imply John drew a circle. In the theory of S. Karolak this paradox disappears. Theses verbs are analyzed as telic configuration of aspects or limitative-telic configuration of aspects…

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12. Apport de l’analyse sémantique dans la recherche sur les prédicats de communication : du sens d’un prédicat au texte et à la traduction

Izabela Pozierak-Trybisz

Pages: 125-136

This study aims to present a semantic analysis of a verbal communication: senses of predicates, propositional constructions, structures topic-focus of texts built around predicates of communication to find out ‘strategy’ for the transmission of information in such texts. The practicale use of it is translation. Analyze are based based on the methodology of the grammar-based semantic of S. Karolak…

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13. La grammaire dans les dictionnaires : le cas des verbes

Michele Prandi

Pages: 137-149

This paper aims at discussing the amount of grammatical information that has to be included into an adequate lexical description of a language and into an ideal dictionary. Unlike classificatory
nouns, such relational terms as verbs, adjectives and nouns of events can only be defined on condition that some relevant grammatical and relational properties are taken into account…

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14. Ce qui change avec le temps (grammatical)… Substitution passé composé / imparfait et imparfait / passé composé dans les phrases plurielles en français

Dorota Sikora, Józef Sypnicki

Pages: 150-173

The goal is that our article is not accountable or even less, to take sides in the debate on substition PC / IM P and IM P / PC. Quite the contrary, we are proposing to clarify some issues related to the substitution of temporal operators in the descriptions of multiple events, we will search in the current work tracks and tools for our investigation…

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