Volume 23 (2011)

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Spis treśći

Alicja HAJOK : La détermination complexe dans l’approche contrastive polonais-français 7
Monia BOUALI : Les trois fonctions primaires et le transfert métaphorique. Le cas des unités du type à Poss apogée, à Poss zénith 9
Lassâad OUESLATI : Les locutions adverbiales figées : étude des fonctions primaires 15
Luis MENESES : La polysémie et le réseau synonymique des prédicats polylexicaux 29
Asma ME JRI : Le degré de figement des locutions conjonctives dans les relations transphrastiques : le cas de l’hypothèse et de la condition 41
Marco FASCIOLO : Inférences figées 55
Lichao ZHU : Création lexicale et créativité textuelle : cas du figement et du défigement 66
Anna CZEKA J : Question de métonymie dans la traduction automatique 84
Michał HRABIA : Désambiguïsation des sens du prédicat adjectival farouche dans le cadre d’une approche orientée objets 100
Anna KUNCY -ZA JĄC : La nozione di moto nelle concettualizzazioni degli stati di sonno, sogno, meditazione e ipnosi nella lingua italiana 114
Katarzyna KWA PISZ -OSADNIK : L’expression des valeurs dans une approche cognitive 125
Ewa MICZKA : Modèles de structures informationnelles globales de discours 136
Agnieszka PAST UCHA-BLIN : Il corpo umano nella cultura di massa 150
Claudio SALME RI : Tre tipi di ipotetica o due ? Considerazioni sul periodo ipotetico nella lingua italiana 168
Daniel SŁAPEK : O modelo cognitivo de análise textual e a tradução 191
Aleksandra ŻŁOBIŃSKA -NOWAK : Validité de la modélisation objet dans la langue et dans la traduction 201
Ewa MICZKA : Relations entre les cadres de l’expérience dans le discours — exemple du fait divers 213
Michał HRABIA : La grammaire à base sémantique : une conception « bâtie » et non pas « donnée ». Quelques remarques sur le changement de la compréhension de certaines notions fondamentales dans la théorie de Stanisław Karolak 224
Alicja HAJOK : La détermination complexe dans l’approche contrastive polonais-français 234
Monia BOUALI : Les trois fonctions primaires et le transfert métaphorique. Le cas des unités du type à Poss apogée, à Poss zénith 248
Lassâad OUESLATI : Les locutions adverbiales figées : étude des fonctions primaires 259
Luis MENESES : La polysémie et le réseau synonymique des prédicats polylexicaux 273

 

Introduction

Wiesław Banyś

page:8

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1. Présentation de la discussion sur le figement linguistique et les trois fonctions primaires (prédicats, arguments, actualisateurs)

Salah Mejri

Pages: 9-14

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2. La base de données Figement

Aude Grezka

Pages: 15-28

At present fixity plays an important role in linguistic research because of its determining role in recognition systems. In this article we present ongoing research on fixity, in particular on creation
of a database whose objective is to list all the frozen expressions, basing on formal criteria. Taking adverbial phrases as an example, we shall specify the criteria allowing us to point to absolute fixity before tackling the question of its relative aspect…

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3. Le verbe support complexe : un actualisateur figé de la prédication non verbale*

Dhouha Lajmi

Pages: 29-30

Any linguistic unit is described in the theoretical and methodological frame of the laboratory LDI — Lexique, Dictionnaires, Informatique (Lexicon, Dictionaries, Computing) according to one
of three primary functions, namely predicate, argument or actualizer. The description of the syntactic-semantic functioning of these lexical items will be undertaken with the aid of a corpus of free sequences and motionless sequences. In this article we look into a sample of complex support verbs considered as motionless actualizers of the nominal predicates…

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4. La détermination complexe dans l’approche contrastive polonais-français

Alicja Hajok

Pages: 41-54

In Polish, as well as in French, determination falls within the scope of phraseology as determinants may be fossilized (od groma1, na pęczki2) or constitute an element of an idiom (Jedna jaskółka
wiosny nie czyni3). The following article mainly tackles complex determination. We will first describe the morphosyntactic properties of different determinants within the nominal group. Then,
we will consider the extent of fossilization of these constructions. Our research is based on a Polish-French corpus…

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5. Les trois fonctions primaires et le transfert métaphorique Le cas des unités du type à Poss apogée, à Poss zénith*

Monia Bouali

Pages: 55-65

By using the basic notions developed in the LDI , the study of lexical units throws doubts on word combination in the sentence which is considered the minimal unit of analysis and brings into
the foreground many usage specificities. Some adjectival collocations called ‘metaphoric’ can, according to their usage, have two primary functions, namely predicate or actualizer. In fact, this study shows that every multi-lexical unit must be treated in terms of its internal complexity and according to its arguments schema…

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6. Les locutions adverbiales figées : étude des fonctions primaires*

Lassâad Oueslati

Pages: 66-83

The theory of object classes holds that every elementary sentence is inevitably constituted by elements which make this sentence acceptable. Each element has a function called a primary function. There are three such functions: predicate, argument and actualizer. These three functions can be realized by all the simple and compound, free and fixed syntactical categories. In this article we will show that the fixed adverbial sequences much as other syntactic categories can have primary functions…

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7. La polysémie et le réseau synonymique des prédicats polylexicaux

Luis Meneses

Pages: 84-99

Our objective is to deal with the question of polysemy and synonymy of fixed verbal sequences from the perspective of the three primary functions. Assuming that the elementary phrase is a minimal unit of analysis, the verb to give, which is a focal point of our study, can function as a predicate of the phrase, an actualizer of a nominal predicate or an element of a fixed sequence…

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8. Le degré de figement des locutions conjonctives dans les relations transphrastiques : le cas de l’hypothèse et de la condition*

Asma Mejri

Pages: 100-113

The present paper asks the question whether conjunctive and prepositional locutions are multilexical units, as it could be gathered from the word “locution”. These units introduce incidental
propositions and are equivalent to simple conjunctions. A conjunctive expression bears the same relation to a conjunction as a complex word to a simple word: the only difference lying in multilexicality…

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9. Inférences figées*

Marco Fasciolo

Pages: 114-124

This paper calls for an analysis of the notion of “shared knowledge” through its role in inference. First of all, selection restrictions have to be excluded from the domain of shared knowledge
because they are not inferred; rather, they are the ground of every possible inference…

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10. Création lexicale et créativité textuelle : cas du figement et du défigement

Lichao Zhu

Pages: 125-135

A frozen sequence is a lexical creation. It draws its specificity from the construction of the text. We have tried to demonstrate how an “anti-process”, i.e. de-freezing would undo the language rules. We also establish a typological scheme of different processes of de-freezing and different influences brought to textual creativity. We try to illustrate these two linguistic processes with appropriate examples…

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11. Question de métonymie dans la traduction automatique

Anna Czekaj

Pages: 136-149

The article is devoted to the problem of metonymy in automatic translation. The author focuses on possible difficulties that can arise in the process of automatic translation of metonymic structures. The analysis of the problem is largely based on the examples taken from corpus material, which has been collected by the auth
by T. Massoussi, which is devoted to a very thorough classification of various metonymic uses…

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12. Désambiguïsation des sens du prédicat adjectival farouche dans le cadre d’une approche orientée objets

Michał Hrabia

Pages: 150-167

This article examines the French adjective farouche with the aim of disambiguating all its meanings. The methodology of this study is based on the object-oriented approach proposed by
W. Banyś. The author seeks to find all the Polish equivalents of the word analyzed…

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13. La nozione di moto nelle concettualizzazioni degli stati di sonno, sogno, meditazione e ipnosi nella lingua italiana

Anna Kuncy-Zając

Pages: 168-190

The aim of this article is to analyze the notion of movement in the conceptualizations of some altered states of consciousness, such as: sleeping (sonno), dreaming (sogno), meditation (meditazione) and hypnosis (ipnosi) in the Italian language. The research presented is based on the following theories: thematic proto-roles by D. D ow t y (1991) and Kinesthetic Image Schemas by G. L a kof f (1987), which are a basis for Idealized Cognitive Models (G. L a kof f, 1987)…

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14. L’expression des valeurs dans une approche cognitive

Katarzyna Kwapisz-Osadnik

Pages: 191-200

The article deals with the role and the place of axiological elements in contemporary linguistic theories, in particular in cognitive linguistics. With reference to theories underpinning this approach
such as pre-conceptual scheme, conceptualisation and categorisation, the author attempts to highlight the presence of values at the experiential level (with this in mind, she suggests analysis of four pre-conceptual schemes: container, part-whole, force and connections), and of further analysis at the level of conceptualisation and categorisation, taking into account social and cultural factors influencing opinion shaping…

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15. Modèles de structures informationnelles globales de discours

Ewa Miczka

Pages: 201-212

The aim of this paper is to analyze the types of global organisation of information structures in discourse. Information structures are defined as hierarchically organized thematic-rhematic structures and, in their thematic part, the author distinguishes three levels represented by: global theme, theme of a group of sentences and sentence theme. The author focuses her attention on two highest levels of information structure and describes the models of global information structure…

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16. Il corpo umano nella cultura di massa

Agnieszka Pastucha-Blin

Pages: 213-223

The present contribution is an attempt to shed light on how the human body (it. corpo umano) is conceptualized in persuasive discourse, especially that addressed to women.
The paper shows how the contemporary culture deifies the human body (corpo umano) which has become a cult object. Therefore the human body (corpo umano) becomes a body that is visualized, reproduced a number of times, often in an obsessive way, by the mass media…

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17. Tre tipi di ipotetica o due? Considerazioni sul periodo ipotetico nella lingua italiana

Claudio Salmeri

Pages: 234-233

The Italian “periodo ipotetico” (a conditional clause or hypothetical phrase) is a structure composed of two clauses. The main one is introduced chiefly by se and it indicates the condition (or supposition) on which something else is dependent (the other clause). Many canonical grammar books assert that there are three types of hypothesis/consequence situations: real, unlikely and no longer possible. The aim of this article is to disprove this traditional thesis. With a couple of examples, it is shown that there are in fact only two types of ‘‘periodo ipotetico’’…

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18. O modelo cognitivo de análise textual e a tradução

Daniel Słapek

Pages: 234-248

The aim of this article is to describe a cognitive model for text analysis proposed by E. Tabakowska, as well as its implications for translation theory and practice. The model uses the aspects
of conventional imagery in cognitive grammar (perspective, prominence, ground, iconicity, etc.) to evaluate the fit between a translation with the original text…

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19. Validité de la modélisation objet dans la langue et dans la traduction

Aleksandra Żłobińska-Nowak

Pages: 249-258

The aim of this paper is to discuss one of the methods applicable in description of the representation of the world in language, that is object modeling.
The author emphasizes the notion of the Hierarchical Semantic Network proposed by A.M. C ollin and M.R. Quillian in the 1960’s which constitutes an example of the way of representing knowledge in the memorization process. These networks will be described in parallel with a class of structures of the data easily applicable to computer processing…

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20. Relations entre les cadres de l’expérience dans le discours — exemple du fait divers

Ewa Miczka

Pages: 259-272

In this paper the author analyzes situational structures of discourse which are defined as a sequence of experiential frames (E. G of f m a n, 1991). Each frame makes it possible to conceptualize
one event as forming a part of information introduced in discourse. Analyzing the possible relations between frames in discourse, the author aims to indicate their role in discourse comprehension — a process which implicates creation of discourse representation…

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21. La grammaire à base sémantique : une conception « bâtie » et non pas « donnée » Quelques remarques sur le changement de la compréhension de certaines notions fondamentales dans la théorie de Stanisław Karolak

Michał Hrabia

Pages: 273-289

The aim of this paper is to demonstrate the evolution of the semantic-based grammar of Stanisław Karolak. The main attention is focused on the three fundamental concepts of the theory:
predicate-argument structures, elementary sentences and thematic-rhematic structures. The author also attempts to prove that, despite multiple modifications, the general idea of the theory has never radically changed…

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