Volume 26 (2014)

Download the full issue (PDF)

Table of Contents

Jean-Pierre DESCLÉS : Le concept cognitif d’événement 7
Katarzyna KWAPISZ-OSADNIK : L’événement en tant qu’effet de la conceptualisation d’une situation. Quelques observations sur le rapport entre aspect sémantique, aspect grammatical, aspect syntaxique et la façon de conceptualiser la situation 23
Elżbieta BIARDZKA : L’événement énonciatif mis en discours. Trois approches différentes 36
Ewa PILECKA : être (le) témoin de, un prédicat approprié sélectionnant les noms d’événement ? 49
Jadwiga COOK : Voir, entendre et sentir un événement — quelques observations sur la traduction polonaise des constructions avec verbes de perception 63
Marion BECHET, Fabrice HIRSCH, Fabrice MARSAC, Rudolph SOCK : La primaire socialiste : un événement politique à l’origine d’un nouveau phonostyle ? 78
Catherine COLLIN : Hendiadys et construction de l’événement en anglais contemporain 90
Charlotte DANINO : Analyse linguistique d’un discours sur un événement en cours : le cas du 11 septembre 2001 106
Christian SURCOUF : Les « verbes savonnettes » : frottements et glissements sémantiques 122
Clair-Antoine VEYRIER : L’invitation comme co-construction et émergence d’un événement 140
Laura CALABRESE, Audrey ROIG, Dan VAN RAEMDONCK : L’attirail de la titraille. Morphosyntaxe des désignants d’événement dans les titres de presse 154
Lucie BARQUE, Pauline HAAS, Richard HUYGHE : La polysémie nominale événement / objet : Quels objets pour quels événements ? 170
Lucie STEIBLÉ, Rudolph SOCK : Pretzel et Bretzel : lecture et analyse événementielles des signaux de parole pour l’étude des consonnes occlusives de l’alsacien 188
Myriam BOULIN : La description du déplacement en français, anglais et chinois mandarin : différentes stratégies de repérage 201
Silvia ADLER : L’événement fortuit à travers le prisme du nom général 217
Anna CZEKAJ : Comment comprendre la classe d’objets ? 232
Agnieszka PALION-MUSIOŁ, Aleksandra ŻŁOBIŃSKA-NOWAK : Análisis sintácticosemántico del verbo ganar según el enfoque orientado a objetos 245
Beata ŚMIGIELSKA : Quelques remarques théoriques et pratiques sur la traduction du français vers le polonais dans l’approche orientée objets 264
Sonia SZRAMEK-KARCZ : L’Approche Orientée Objets ou l’EuroWordNet ? Quelle approche pour la traduction automatique ? Partie II : hiérarchie, héritage et désambiguïsation 280
Aleksandra PALICZUK : Spazio — pensiero — lingua. La concettualizzazione della città in italiano 298
Claudio SALMERI : L’aspetto particolare della traduzione di testi antichi. L’arcaizzazione 310

 

1. Le concept cognitif d’événement

Jean-Pierre Desclés

Pages: 8-22

Starting from the basic aspectual distinctions between ‘state’, ‘event’ and ‘(incomplete) process’, an aspectualized predicative relation is actualized on a topological continuous interval of instants: open interval with a state; closed interval with an event; closed interval on the left and open interval on the right with an incomplete process…

Download article (PDF)


2. L’événement en tant qu’effet de la conceptualisation d’une situation Quelques observations sur le rapport entre aspect sémantique, aspect grammatical, aspect syntaxique et la façon de conceptualiser la situation

Katarzyna Kwapisz-Osadnik

Pages: 23-35

In the following article we look into the question of the aspectuality — such aspectuality which can be observed at the grammatical, semantic and syntactic-discourse levels. The investigation is set in the Framework of cognitive linguistics, especially in J.-P. Desclés’s conception of the event and R. Langacker’s cognitive grammar…

Download article (PDF)


3. L’événement énonciatif mis en discours Trois approches différentes*

Elżbieta Biardzka

Pages: 36-48

Definitions of reported speech are neither clear nor unambiguous, even in the case of the most classic forms, i.e. direct and indirect speech forms which have been recognized for a long time by the vulgate.

Download article (PDF)


4. Être (le) témoin de, un prédicat approprié sélectionnant les noms d’événement?

Ewa Pilecka

Pages: 49-62

Considering all kinds of definitions, the distributional definition seems the most useful when
we want to determine the class of event nouns, in particular, there exists a series of dedicated verbs
(e.g. avoir lieu, se produire, survenir…) which select event arguments. In this paper we try to see
whether the phrase être (le) témoin de may join the series of dedicated predicates, and if so, under
what conditions…

Download article (PDF)


5. Voir, entendre et sentir un événement — quelques observations sur la traduction polonaise des constructions avec verbes de perception

Jadwiga Cook

Pages: 63-77

The object of our study is French constructions with the perceptive verbs voir, entendre and sentir and their translations into Polish. Those verbs take three types of object: (1) a subordinate clause introduced by que, (2) a noun phrase with a relative clause introduced by qui, and (3) an infinitive clause. Hence, the perception of an event can be moderated by the three different constructions…

Download article (PDF)


6. La primaire socialiste : un événement politique à l’origine d’un nouveau phonostyle?

Marion Bechet, Fabrice Hirsch, Fabrice Marsac, Rudolph Sock

Pages: 78-89

The aim of this study is to observe the importance and specific nature of pauses in speech production, depending on the context. Samples of François Hollande’s speech in two different TV debates are analysed: in the first one he debated with Martine Aubry during the second round of the Primary Socialist elections in France; in the second debate he faced Nicolas Sarkozy during the second round of the presidential elections…

Download article (PDF)


7. Hendiadys et construction de l’événement en anglais contemporain

Catherine Collin

Pages: 90-105

The present study investigates the construction of an event through the coordination of two predicates in English. Syntactic and semantic evidence indicates that the two verbs cannot be simply referred to as separate predicative units, but that they form a single conjoint, and this construction occurs in a variety of uses…

Download article (PDF)


8. Analyse linguistique d’un discours sur un événement en cours : le cas du 11 septembre 2001

Charlotte Danino

Pages: 106-121

The linguistic dimension of events is often considered from the point of view of subsequent discourses in the written media. From its first moments however, the event prompts spontaneous aural verbal reactions, which we can access thanks to audiovisual media. These almost concomitant linguistic productions are the target of our study, here using the example of September 11, 2001, which happened live on most channels, including CNN which provided us with our corpus…

Download article (PDF)


9. Les « verbes savonnettes » : frottements et glissements sémantiques

Christian Surcouf

Pages: 122-139

In the semantic analysis of tenses, the term event is frequently used. For example, following Reiche nba ch (1947: 288), many studies mention three “points”, within which (E) represents the “point of the event”. Besides, after Ma r t i n (1985: 25), it is commonly considered —often implicitly— that “the duration of the utterance can […] ideally be reduced to an instant t0 [i.e. a point], […] since within the utterance, truth conditions remain unchanged”…

Download article (PDF)


10. L’invitation comme co-construction et émergence d’un événement

Clair-Antoine Veyrier

Pages: 140-153

This article aims at analyzing the endogenous co-construction of gathering as an event by examining interactional sequences prior to occurring of this event. Meeting is a form of exchange, and also an interactional event recognized as such by the participants. In this perspective, the invitation is not only a form of coordination, but it participates to the co-construction of the meeting as an event…

Download article (PDF)


11. L’attirail de la titraille Morphosyntaxe des désignants d’événement dans les titres de presse

Laura Calabrese, Audrey Roig, Dan Van Raemdonck

Pages: 154-169

This paper analyses the place of event names in newspaper headlines from a morphosyntactic point of view. We address the hypothesis that titles including event names are structured like phrases. We will describe the titles in terms of topic/comment, topic-area/comment-area and subject/ predicate, to show that events are thematized after being synthetized by media discourse. We will also address the question of the role event names play in the title, whether in the thematic area or an enunciation determiner…

Download article (PDF)


12. La polysémie nominale événement / objet : Quels objets pour quels événements?

Lucie Barque, Pauline Haas, Richard Huyghe

Pages: 170-187

This paper deals with the lexical notion of event. We study the well-known event/object nominal polysemy (see G r i m sh aw, 1990; P u st ejovsk y, 1995; G o d a rd, Jayez 1996, among others) and give it an exhaustive treatment by gathering many data from existing lexical resources. About 200 nouns are listed, with various morphological properties — simple, converse or derived nominals may be concerned…

Download article (PDF)


13. Pretzel et Bretzel : lecture et analyse événementielles des signaux de parole pour l’étude des consonnes occlusives de l’alsacien

Lucie Steiblé, Rudolph Sock

Pages: 188-200

Articulatory-acoustics events and the relations that tie them together are crucial to understanding proper speech functioning. The features at the phonological level and the cues studied in phonetics are related to specific speech events, visible for example in acoustic signals…

Download article (PDF)


14. La description du déplacement en français, anglais et chinois mandarin : différentes stratégies de repérage

Myriam Boulin

Pages: 201-216

The mental representation of a perceived motion event varies according to the spatial location of the observer. Does that imply that a speaker systematically identifies himself as the locator of the event he is describing? In this article, I examined the use of deictic motion verbs (come, go) in each of these languages…

Download article (PDF)


15. L’événement fortuit à travers le prisme du nom général

Silvia Adler

Pages: 217-231

This study undertakes to examine, following Ad le r (2012) and on the basis of media examples drawn from Le Monde, referential mechanisms involving general nouns such as tragedy, catastrophe, disaster. These nouns refer to events in previous or subsequent chunks of text while delivering the addresser’s opinion in relation to the encapsulated event…

Download article (PDF)


16. Comment comprendre la classe d’objets ?

Anna Czekaj

Pages: 232-244

The article is devoted to the problem of lexical description of words for automatic translation of texts. In particular, the description understood in terms of object classes is focused. The author gives attention to two lexicographical conceptions, namely the conception of electronic dictionary proposed by G. Gross and the object oriented approach proposed by W. Banyś. The article aims at the comparison of these two conceptions, as well as at presenting how the notion of the object class is used to describe words…

Download article (PDF)


17. Análisis sintáctico-semántico del verbo ganar según el enfoque orientado a objetos

Agnieszka Palion-Musioł, Aleksandra Żłobińska-Nowak

Pages: 245-263

The article discusses the natural polysemy of the lexicon of natural languages, perceived as one of the major problems of automatic translation. It also presents a solution for the problem of disambiguation of ambiguous expressions — it pivots on the object-oriented description, enriched with a transfer of various possible translations in a target language taking into consideration possible ambiguity in a source language. Finally, the authors show differences in the representations of the world in Polish and Spanish, using the example of some Polish renderings of the Spanish verb ganar…

Download article (PDF)


18. Quelques remarques théoriques et pratiques sur la traduction du français vers le polonais dans l’approche orientée objets

Beata Śmigielska

Pages: 264-279

The article is devoted to the problem of translation from French into Polish from the perspective of the object oriented approach proposed by Wiesław Banyś. The author takes into consideration some of the problems, both of theoretical and practical nature, which appear while working on the formation of contrastive lexical database for automatic translation of texts…

Download article (PDF)


19. L’Approche Orientée Objets ou l’EuroWordNet ? Quelle approche pour la traduction automatique ? Partie II : hiérarchie, héritage et désambiguïsation

Sonia Szramek-Karcz

Pages: 280-297

The presentation of research results concerning applicability of AOO and EWN in machine translation is divided into two parts. In the first part, the author presents the influence of databases design, their theoretical aspects and the categorization of lexical items on the process and result of machine translation…

Download article (PDF)


20. Spazio — pensiero — lingua La concettualizzazione della città in italiano

Aleksandra Paliczuk

Pages: 298-309

The surrounding space has always interested people and provoked their curiosity. Reflections upon the concept of space are present in almost every philosophical school and approach, and also in other disciplines such as e.g. anthropology, sociology or linguistics…

Download article (PDF)


21. L’aspetto particolare della traduzione di testi antichi L’arcaizzazione

Claudio Salmeri

Pages: 310-321

The article deals with an area which has largely escaped the attention of researchers so far, i.e. the strategy of archaisation and modernisation in the translation of older texts. The English and Italian translations of Witold Gombrowicz’s Trans-Atlantyk convoluted style serve as an example of how to employ one of these two completely different strategies…

Download article (PDF)